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Transportation in Jordan


Jordan's transportation facilities are underdeveloped, but improvements have been made in recent years. The third development plan (1986-90) allotted JD445 million for transportation. A good road network links the principal towns and connects with Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. In 2005, all of Jordan's estimated 7,601 km of road was paved. Passenger automobiles numbered 107,500; trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles totalled 91,800 in 2000.

The rail system, some 505 km of narrow-gauge single track, is a section of the old Hijaz railway (Damascus to Medina) for Muslim pilgrims. It runs from the Syrian border through Amman to Ma'an, where it connects with a spur line to the port of Al Aqabah. Reconstruction of the section from Ma'an to Medina in Saudi Arabia, which had been destroyed in World War I, was undertaken in the early 1970s as a joint venture by Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria.

Al Aqabah, Jordan's only outlet to the sea, is situated at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. The port was initially developed after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, which cut off Arab Palestine and Transjordan from Mediterranean ports; substantial development did not begin until the 1960s. The port has been enlarged for general use, including terminals for loading potash and fertilisers. In 2008, Jordan had 26 merchant ships, totaling 384,778 GRT.

Jordan had 17 airports in 2007, 15 of which were paved. The major airport is the Queen Alia International Airport, about 30 km south of Amman, which was opened in the early 1980s. Aqaba Airport is the other international airport. The government-owned Alia-Royal Jordanian Airline operates domestic and international flights. In 2001, 1,178,100 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.


17 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 15
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2007)

1 (2007)

gas 426 km; oil 49 km (2007)

total: 505 km
narrow gauge: 505 km 1.050-m gauge (2006)

total: 7,601 km
paved: 7,601 km (2005)

Merchant marine
total: 26 ships (1000 GRT or over) 384,778 GRT/510,752 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 10, container 1, passenger/cargo 9, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 15 (UAE 15)
registered in other countries: 21 (Algeria 4, Bahamas 2, Panama 13, Syria 2) (2008)

Ports and terminals
Al Aqabah





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